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Montessori Method

IPW Montessori Teacher Training Centre

IThe Montessori system of education is named after Dr. Maria Montessori whose concepts revolutionized the way the world saw small children.

She referred to the mind of a child between 3 & 6 years of age, as the Absorbent Mind. During this time he literally absorbs everything in his environment through sensorial exploration. By sensorially absorbing the surroundings, a child forms his personality and himself. He constructs his mind, his memory, power to understand and ability to think through impressions gained from the environment.

Dr. Maria Montessori believed that a child has the in-built tendency to learn by himself. The child is the constructor of the adult. Mother Nature has endowed the child with necessary powers to fulfill this task. The child achieves various levels of growth, within the time spans fixed by nature. We have no control over them. All he needs is an encouraging environment, which fulfills his developmental needs.

The key elements of the Montessori Method are Self-education, individual materials, a specially prepared environment, and the trained directress.

A Montessori school provides a prepared environment for children at each successive developmental plane where children are given freedom to work according to their inner urges. The child's natural interest in learning is encouraged by giving opportunities in spontaneous, purposeful activities with the guidance of a trained adult. Within a framework of order eliminating the bane of competition, the children progress at their own pace and rhythm, according to their individual capabilities. This environments allow them to take responsibility for their own education. A sophisticated balance between liberty and discipline is prevalent.

The teacher's role is to provide the right environment for the child and make sure that the child can work at his own development in peace and freedom. The adult should understand that it is the child who has to achieve his goals. The adult cannot do it for him. Therefore, the adult should learn not think, "I have to mould my child. I have to make him a doctor, engineer etc. "The role of building the child is that of nature and the child himself.

 


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